Congress Keynote Speakers
A Type-2 Approach to Knowledge Acquisition from Linguistic Sources
Junzo Watada IPS Graduate School; Waseda University;Kitakushu, Japan
Email: [email protected]
In the intricate tapestry of real-world scenarios, the semantic boundaries of natural language lexemes often oscillate within the realm of vagueness. In response to this pervasive ambiguity, we elucidate a Knowledge Acquisition paradigm, anchored in the profound edifice of a type-2 fuzzy set framework, meticulously designed to navigate the intricate seas of hybrid uncertainty. This exposition finds its empirical footing in a retrospective analysis of earthquake-induced architectural damage in the city of San Francisco during the 1980s, employing our Knowledge Acquisition model as a beacon of clarity. Within this scholarly discourse, we conceive a type-2 fuzzy stochastic regression construct, with the bedrock of its structure resting upon a credibility metric. To adroitly encapsulate the nebulous contours of information, we artfully render the fuzzy input and output datasets as perspicacious confidence intervals. This proposed regression framework is artfully cast as a non-linear programming conundrum, thereby ensuring the artisanal crafting of a well-honed model. Our innovative method demonstrates compelling potential in expediting the discernment of natural language semantics. Furthermore, we furnish a numerical exemplar, elegantly illustrating the pragmatic utility of our model. The resultant findings effusively attest to the model’s versatility, particularly in the treatment of non-meta linguistic data. This approach empowers decision-makers to make judicious selections, optimizing temporal resources by judiciously considering multifarious evaluations.
Keywords: Knowledge Acquisition, Linguistic Sources, Type-2 Fuzzy Set, Fuzzy Random Variable, Stochastic Regression Model, Credibility Assessment, Confidence Interval Estimation.”
The New Internet based on IPv6, Empowering Enhanced P2P IoT, 5G/6G, Web3, AI and Blockchain
Prof. Latif Ladid.
University of Luxembourg/SnT, Luxembourg
The IPv6 Deployment worldwide is becoming a reality now with some countries achieving more than 60% user penetration with France (75%), Belgium (65%), USA (50%) and India (68%) at the top ranking (http://6lab.cisco.com/stats/) and reaching double digits v6 coverage on Google IPv6 stats. May Autonomous Networks (ASN) reach more than 90% with v6 preferred or v6 capable: (http://labs.apnic.net/ipv6-measurement/Economies/US/). Over 2.5 Billion users are accessing Internet over IPv6 and probably not even knowing it. If this trend continues, we should achieve 90% by 2025 which would be the inflection point when the full roll-out of IPv6 becomes a strategic plumbing decision of the networks to move to IPv6-Only and start sunsetting IPv4 from the Internet. The US Government has already set some dates to move to IPv6-Only by 2025.
Towards The Autonomy Of Artificial Systems: Blockchain-Based Emotional Memory To Increase Degrees Of Freedom
Eva R. Porras, PhD
Smart Ledger Blockchain Solutions and Department of Fundamentals of Economic Analysis
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Madrid, Spain
Email: [email protected]
The concept of autonomy refers to the ability of an agent or entity to act independently, without control or influence from external factors. This notion raises a wide range of questions and problems that still have no answer. Among them, the idea that complete autonomy would induce the conception of freewill, a type of freedom of action and choice devoid from external influence in relation to self-control. Within the field of engineering, emotion can be conceived as an engine that generates directives towards adaptability. In the context of robotics, the degrees of freedom are defined as the independent variables necessary to completely describe the configuration and position of the robot in the three-dimensional space. Our proposal is to stablish a parallelism, assuming that emotions could constitute a basis to increase the number of independent variables in the cognitive space, thus resulting in the freewill of the artificial agent. In the design of the system, emotion and memory are linked. The work analyzes computational structures of the blockchain-type as the basis for the implementation of a memory linked to an intelligent system with artificial emotion.
The impact of the war in Ukraine on the food security of European countries.
Prof. Dr. Vitalina Babenko.
Full Professor of International E-commerce and Hotel & Restaurant Business Department, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (Ukraine)
Given the current difficult socio-economic and political conditions associated with the war in Ukraine, the consideration of food security issues in the EU countries is important and relevant. The Russian invasion of Ukraine is a clear example of the vulnerability of both the national and global economies to the consequences of armed conflicts. These impacts include reduced grain production in the agricultural sector, crop failures, disruptions to global food supplies and rising world food prices. Known as the “breadbasket of Europe”, Ukraine boasts a significant 25% of the world’s black soil, fueling a highly developed agricultural sector that contributed over 10% of its GDP in 2021. Both Ukraine and Russia are major global grain exporters. which together account for 40% of world grain exports. The ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, lasting more than a year and a half since the Russian invasion on February 24, 2022, has raised concerns around the world about international trade and food security. The UN has warned that the combination of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russian-Ukrainian crisis has led to the biggest food crisis since World War II. The war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine has clearly demonstrated the vulnerability of national and world economic systems to armed conflicts and their consequences: slowdown in agricultural grain production, crop failures, disruption of world food supplies and rising world food prices. Ukraine and Russia account for about 30% of world wheat exports and 15% of corn, as well as about 80% of trade in sunflower products. Currently, about 1/3 of Ukrainian fields remain unsuitable for sowing due to hostilities. As a result, the continued war of the Russian Federation against Ukraine will lead to deep economic shocks that will affect the liquidity of agricultural producers, the growth of world demand for agricultural products, the reduction of food stocks in many countries, rising food prices and accelerating inflation. As a consequence, this conflict has led to a significant increase in world food prices, with far-reaching consequences. For a possible solution to the problem of the negative impact of the war in Ukraine on the food security of European countries, the structure of exports from Ukraine to European countries is analyzed. Based on the dominant commodity positions in the overall structure of Ukraine’s exports, the supplies of wheat, corn and sunflower oil are considered. On the basis of multivariate regression analysis, the impact of Ukrainian food exports on the corresponding world prices, as well as on the food security of European countries, was studied. Strategic measures have been developed to reduce the impact of the war in Ukraine on the food security of European countries.
Assurance on sustainability reporting: challenges and future research outlook
Prof. María del Pilar Casado Belmente,
Department of Economics and Business. Universidad de Almería
Environment, social, and governance (ESG) reporting, or more broadly known as sustainability reporting, must achieve the goal of satisfying the needs of investors, capital markets and stakeholders. Nevertheless, while financial information is based on international and well-stablished accounting standards, ESG reporting practices remain less well defined (Erkens et al., 2015). In addition, though ESG disclosure is evolving from voluntary to mandatory requirements, it is still deemed to be voluntary. In this vein, institutional rules and guidelines have been published in order to help firms to meet high-quality and accuracy information when reporting sustainability. Over the last years, many studies has tried to analyze the sustainability reporting, namely the indicators that lead a firm to disclose ESG information, the quality of the information, the impact of ESG information on firm performance, and the assurance on sustainability reporting. Thus, there exist a need to show the global trends and current market practice on sustainability disclosure and assurance. This study aims to review and summarize the sustainability disclosure and assurance literature so as to (1) develop a holistic framework of sustainability reporting; (2) review the evolution of disclosure standards used by accounting researchers; (3) describe the antecedents to sustainability reporting; (4) describe the outcomes of disclosure and assurance; and (5) identify the most significant research tendencies enabling the proposal of several future research directions